All the Coffee Terminology You Need to Know
These days heading to your local hipster coffee shop can be somewhat intimidating. With so many drink options and fancy Italian names, it’s hard to know exactly what you want. Drinks vary by producer — a cappuccino at Starbucks might not have the same amount of milk as a cappuccino at your local coffee shop — and a barista’s knowledge of traditional coffee terms can often be spotty. Thus, it’s really up to the consumer to specify precisely what they want when ordering their morning beverage. Don’t know your mocha from your macchiato? Stop worrying and start reading. We’ve created this handy guide with all the café terminology you need to know. The next time your foodie friends are discussing that amazing cold brew they had, you’ll be able to chime in and know what they are talking about.
Cold brew refers to a process in which chilled coffee is made. Instead of making the coffee hot and chilling it with ice, the cold-press technique takes coarsely ground beans and soaks them in cold water for an extended period of time, at least 12 hours. After the coffee has steeped, the grounds are filtered out, and the liquid that is left is a coffee concentrate. This is diluted with water or milk and then used to make iced coffee.
The most common kind of coffee, drip coffee is black coffee that is made with a French press, filter, or countertop coffeemaker. Drip coffee is made by pouring water over roasted, ground coffee beans that are contained in a filter. As the water seeps through the grains, it absorbs the beans’ essences and oils. It’s collected in a vessel and served black or with cream and sugar.